[In ancient British, Kyndeyrn surnamed Mungho, or Munghu.] THIS eminent saint of the ancient church of North Britain.
He was of royal blood among the Picts, or original inhabitants of that country, and born about the year 516.
He was placed very young under the discipline of St. Servanus, bishop and abbot of Culros, a monastery, situated upon the Frith which divides Lothian from Fife.
By this holy prelate he was trained up in the perfect spirit of christian meekness and piety.
For his innocence and great virtues he was beloved by his master and all who were acquainted with that religious family above all his fellow-disciples, for which reason he was called Munghu, or Mungho, which in the language of that country signified “one dearly beloved;” and this is the name which the Scots usually give him to this day.
When he was grown up, by the direction of St. Servanus, he retired to a place called Glasghu, where he led a solitary life in great abstinence, till the clergy and people earnestly demanded him for their bishops.
He was consecrated by an Irish bishop, invited over for that purpose, and fixed his see at Glasghu, or Glasco, where he assembled a numerous company of religious brethren, who formed their rule of life upon the model of the primitive Christians at Jerusalem.
The saint’s dioceses was of vast extent, reaching from sea to sea, and being wild and uncultivated, afforded continual exercise for his zeal and patience; he travelled always on foot, sparing no pains to spread the light of the gospel amongst the unbelievers, of whom he converted and baptised great numbers.
The Pelagian heresy having taken deep root among the Christians in those parts, he so vigorously opposed that fatal growing evil, as entirely to banish that hydra out of the church of the Picts.
Besides the recital of the whole Psalter he performed every day several other exercises of devotion; lived in a constant union of his soul with God, and by perpetual abstinence, rigorous fasts, and other extraordinary austerities, he made his whole life an uninterrupted course of penance.
Every Lent he retired from the sight and conversation of men, into some desert, to hold a close communication with God in solitude.
As both in his virtues and labours he imitated the apostles, so God was pleased to authorise his preaching, by conferring on him an apostolic grace of the miraculous powers.
Out of his monks and disciples, he sent many missionaries to preach the faith in the north of Scotland, in the isles of Orkney, in Norway, and Iceland.